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EV Rebates & Incentives

Electric Vehicle Tax Credits and Rebates Explained

The quality of electric cars has improved greatly in recent years. And because the cost of lithium-ion batteries has fallen so much, we now have several affordable choices.The federal tax credit can cut your costs by up to $7,500. With these incentives, many electric car models cost much less than the average new car in America


Federal Tax Credit

Plug-in electric vehicles and fuel cell vehicles qualify for a federal income tax credit of up to $7,500. The federal tax credit was altered as of August 16, 2022, when President Biden signed the Inflation Reduction Act (IRA) into law. The IRA makes some immediate changes to the federal tax credit and sets a timeline of other changes from 2022 to 2032. 

Requirements from August 16, 2022 - December 31, 2022

For the rest of 2022, the federal tax credit will continue to be dependent on one's personal tax liability, the size of the battery, whether or not the manufacturer has sold more than 200,000 units of electric vehicles, and now with the IRA in place, the final assembly location of the vehicle (it must be in North America to qualify). The final assembly requirement in particular limits the federal tax credit to just a handful of vehicles. According to the Alternative Fuels Data Center within the federal Department of Energy, the following are electric vehicles (EVs) whose final assembly does take place within North America and therefore currently qualify for the federal tax credit.

Audi Q5 Jeep Grand Cherokee PHEV
BMW 3-series Plug-in Jeep Wrangler PHEV
BMW x5 Lincoln Aviator PHEV
Chrysler Pacifica PHEV Lincoln Corsair Plug-in
Ford Escape PHEV Lucid Air
Ford F-150 Lightning Nissan LEAF
Ford Mustang Mach-E Rivian R1S & R1T
Ford Transit Van Volvo S60

Requirements After January 1, 2023

The new federal tax credit (now known as the Clean Vehicle Credit) from the IRA goes into effect on January 1, 2023 and is valid through 2032. The changes are vast and complicated, so please read the below carefully before considering your next electric vehicle purchase.

No More Manufacturer Cap

Previously, the federal tax credit was phased out for manufacturers that had sold 200,000 EVs within the United States. The new Clean Vehicle Credit removes that cap.

New Income Requirements

Starting in 2023, there are now income caps to qualify for the Clean Vehicle Credit:

  • Joint filers must have an income of $300,000 or less.
  • Individual filers must have an income of $150,00 or less. 

New Vehicle Requirements

In order to qualify for the federal tax incentive, the vehicles will have to (a) be assembled in North America, (b) meet price cap requirements, and (c) meet complicated battery requirements, which will ramp-up and change over time. 

A vehicle may not exceed a certain price cap in order to qualify for the federal tax credit:

  • Sedans & hatchbacks - $55,000
  • SUVs, pick-up trucks, & vans - $80,000

The new battery requirements fall into two buckets: critical minerals and battery components.

  • Critical Minerals
    • Starting 2023, 40% of the battery's minerals (by value) must be mined OR processed in North America, or a country with a free trade agreement with the US or recycled in the US. This percentage will ramp-up over time (see table below).
    • If a vehicle meets this requirement, it qualifies for $3,750 of the federal tax credit.
  • Battery Components
    • Starting 2023, 50% of the value of battery components must be manufactured OR assembled in North America. This percentage will ramp-up over time, see table below.
    • If a vehicle meets this requirement, it qualifies for $3,750 of the federal tax credit.
  • If a vehicle meets BOTH battery requirements, it qualifies for the full $7,500 federal tax credit.
Year 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032
Critical mineral % 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 80% 80% 80% 80% 80%
Battery component % 50% 60% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 100% 100% 100%

At this point, we do not know which vehicle makes and models will meet the battery requirements in 2023.

In addition, there is another battery sourcing provision: the "foreign entities of concern" component. Starting in 2024, to qualify for the federal tax credit, vehicles cannot have any battery components from a foreign entity of concern (i.e. Russia and China). Starting in 2025, batteries cannot have any critical minerals from a foreign entity of concern to qualify.

Used Vehicles

Starting in 2023, used electric vehicles qualify for the federal tax credit for the first time! Here are the fast facts prospective buyers need to know.

  • There are no battery sourcing requirements for used vehicles.
  • Buyers can expect a tax credit of $4,000 or 30% of sales price, whichever is lower. 
  • The car must be bought from a dealership and be at least 2 years old.
  • The cost of the car cannot exceed $25,000.
  • The used car tax credit can only be on the first resale of a vehicle.
  • The income threshold to qualify is $150,000 for joint filers and $75,000 for a single filer.

2024 and beyond

Starting in 2024, the consumer will be able to choose to transfer the tax credit to the dealership, making the tax credit a point-of-sale rebate. This is great for folks who previously were not able to benefit from the tax credit because of personal tax liability. The details of this process are still being worked out. 

 

Leaf, Tesla, and Bolt

Edmunds Guide for Federal Tax Incentives

If you have more questions about federal tax credits, we recommend the Edmunds Guide. They have the most up-to-date information about which cars qualify, the maximum incentive you can receive for each car, and the up-to-date changes the Inflation Reduction Act will make to the federal tax credit over time. 

Edmunds EV Tax Credit Guide
State Rebates

Massachusetts

The Massachusetts Offers Rebates for Electric Vehicles (MOR-EV) program was reestablished as of January 1, 2020. In July 2022, Governor Baker signed a climate bill into law that, among many other things, changes the format of the state rebate for electric cars. We are frequently checking in with the state on when these changes will take effect. So far, they have not given us a timeline, so for now, the old rebate structure stands. Once we hear that the new rebate is available, we will update this page.

For now, eligibility requirements are as follows:

  1. Only applications submitted on or after November 10, 2022 are eligible for the increased rebate of $3,500. All other rebate applications will receive the previous $2,500 rebate for battery electric vehicles.
  2. Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs) and fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) with sales prices under $55,000 are eligible for a $3,500 rebate.
  3. Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) with sales prices under $50,000 and all-electric ranges of 25+ miles are eligible for a $1,500 rebate.
  4. Zero-emission Motorcycles (ZEMs) will no longer be eligible.
  5. The rebate needs to be applied for within 3 months of purchase.
  6. The vehicle must be purchased from a Massachusetts dealership or retail location to be eligible.
  7. You must be a Massachusetts resident to be eligible. 

Visit the MOR-EV website to learn more and apply.

Rhode Island

The Driving Rhode Island to Vehicle Electrification (DRIVE EV) program is for Rhode Island residents only.  The program was established on July 7, 2022, and only vehicles purchased or leased on or after that date qualify for the program. Program details are as follows:

  1. There are actually three programs: DRIVE EV,  DRIVE+, and DRIVE EV FLEET. DRIVE EV is for all RI residents and DRIVE+ provides additional incentives of up to $2,000 for Rhode Islanders who meet certain income requirements. DRIVE EV FLEET is for small businesses, non-profits, and  public sector entities, so we won't go into details here, but please feel free to check out the website.
  2. Qualified applicants will have 120 days from the date of   purchase or lease to apply for the rebate program online. The program is first-come, first-served. 

  3. Vehicles must be purchased at licensed RI Automobile    Dealership and registered in RI.

  4.  Purchase or lease of a new EV has to have a final sales and purchase price agreement at or below $60,000. 

  5. Purchase or lease of a used EV must have a final sales and purchase price agreement at or below $40,000.

  6. Here is a breakdown of the rebates.

RI State Incentives Chart

    Visit the DRIVE EV website to learn more and apply. 

 

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